A college education lets you choose a field that truly interests you and earn a living doing something you love.
Why College Is Worth It
Attending college has proven to have many benefits. Numerous studies, including the U.S. Census Bureau have shown a strong relationship to the salary earnings of those with a college degree. College also provides a great opportunity to explore and study a field that you are passionate, and gain hands-on experiences, including possible internships and study abroad opportunities.
An Associate's degree holder earns nearly one-third more than a high school diploma holders
Bachelor degree holders earn 31 percent more than Associate's degree holders and 74 percent more than high school diploma holders
Obtaining a post-secondary education is a key step to becoming an innovator and entrepreneur
The Great Recession (December 2007-January 2010) caused a loss of 7.2 million jobs. 5.6 million of those jobs were workers with a high school diploma or less. Although, the United States has added 11.6 million jobs during the recession period (January 2010-January 2016) only a small fraction (800,000) of these jobs were for those with a high school diploma or less.
Nearly all jobs created in the recovery have gone to workers with at least some postsecondary education
Bachelor degree holders gained the most (73%) of jobs in the recovery (8.4 million)
Associate degree or some college recovered all 1.8 million jobs and added 1.3 million new jobs as of January 2016
The cost of college can be alarming for many students and families. There are many affordable college options and scholarship opportunities for students to make the dream of a degree more obtainable. UNCF has helped more than 450,000 students graduate from college. Each year, UNCF awards more than $100 million in scholarships to more than 10,000 students at more than 1,100 schools across the country, including our prestigious network of 37 HBCUs. Log onto UNCF.org/scholarships to register for scholarship and internship opportunities.
Taking a rigorous course of study ensures adequate preparation for success in college and the work force, demonstrates maturity and gives students a competitive edge for college and scholarship applications.
1. Take challenging courses (including AP, IB and honors if offered).
In the absence of AP or honors courses, take the most challenging, rigorous courses available.
2. Stay in contact with your school guidance counselor about resources for college. Be persistent in this effort!
3. Colleges often want to see that a student is well-rounded.
Volunteer and become involved with extracurricular activities during high school.
4. Develop relationships with teachers, coaches, mentors or other adults, as they will provide recommendation letters when applicable.
5. Do your homework.
Thoroughly research colleges and majors to find the right fit for you and your future career goals.
6. Talk to your guidance counselor about any college fairs or universities visiting your high school.
7. Thoroughly review all admissions applications and complete all parts, including essays.
8. Seek college application fee waivers where available.
College Board: If you registered for and took the SAT or one of the SAT Subject Tests using a fee waiver, you are automatically eligible to receive four college application fee waivers from 2,000 participating colleges. College Board Fee Waiver Information
Some colleges discuss college fee waivers on their websites.
9. Create folders (virtual or hard copy) for each college application and/or create a college application spreadsheet.
10. Research scholarships and other funding opportunities. There is plenty of aid available to attend college!
Consider scholarships from non-traditional outlets as well, such as local non-profit organizations and large corporations.
Some colleges offer institutional scholarships. Be sure to check their websites for deadline and eligibility information.
There is a lot to know before heading off to college, including understanding all the terms you’ll hear between now and then. Is a college the same as a university? Can you study liberal arts even if you don’t go to a liberal arts college? And what is a liberal arts college anyway? Learn some college lingo now.
A co-curricular is any activity that is not required to receive a degree. For example, participation in the Spanish Club or on an intramural team is a co-curricular.
College vs. University
A college offers an array of degrees in one specific area, such as business. A university is made up of several colleges that all focus on different core areas. Universities are generally larger and may have more name recognition than colleges.
A course that must be taken during the same semester as another companion class.
Generally speaking, this indicates one hour of class time per week (i.e., if a student takes a three-hour course, he or she will be in the classroom for roughly three hours each week for that course).
Exceptional high school students may be able to start college after the end of junior year through a college or university’s early admission program.
This means a student can apply early in the fall and find out if you’re accepted long before those who wait until the traditional acceptance deadline. However, if a student applies for early decision and is accepted, he/she must attend.
The Free Application for Federal Student Aid form is used to apply for financial aid at most institutions. It must be submitted every year after January 1.
For an education that includes a wide swath of general knowledge, look toward the liberal arts where a student will learn critical thinking rather than a specific career skill. Liberal arts include the humanities, natural sciences and social sciences.
A major is an area of concentration in a particular field of study. Usually students choose a major by the end of sophomore year.
A minor is extensive course work in a subject different from one’s major.
These institutions are not publicly funded—although they may accept funding through government grants and loans. Because these schools are not affiliated with a government branch and not bound by strict regulation, their admissions policies, programs and more may be quite different from those at public schools.
Public universities are mainly funded by a government entity, like the state.
This system divides the nine-month academic calendar into three equal parts of approximately 12 weeks each. (Summer sessions, if any, are usually the same length.)
Courtesy of EMT sponsor Wells Fargo and their Hands-on-Banking program, we are pleased to share a few helpful smart money management tips to help guide you along the way. Feel free to download some or all of the information at your leisure.
To maximize students’ college and scholarship opportunities college preparatory actions should begin in the eighth grade. Here are overall guidelines for students in grades 8-12 as well as a year-by-year list of important events and critical deadlines.
Here are overall guidelines for students in grades 8-12 as well as a year-by-year list of important events and critical deadlines.
Become involved in community outreach programs (AVID, GEAR UP, TRIO, etc.), if available. These programs aim to support students' academic success and provide services to help students get to and through postsecondary education.
Be thoughtful about the friends they make, creating peer groups that encourage them to excel inside and outside the classroom.
Document their academic achievements, leadership activities and the impact they have made in their community. This will make it easier to craft a strong resume later.
Review courses with their guidance counselor early in the year to make sure they are preparing to take the most challenging academic program available at their school, and that the courses will fulfill college admission requirements. Colleges usually require four years of English, history, math, science and foreign language.
Start researching colleges at the guidance office and online. In this way they will have time to identify the best matches for their interests and preferences in terms of diversity, location, weather, academic and athletic programs, prestige/selectivity, class size and other criteria. The National Association for College Admission Counseling (NACAC) and Peterson's are great research tools.
Talk with their guidance counselor about whether to take the Preliminary Standard Aptitude Test (PSAT). This test measures critical reading skills, math problem-solving skills and writing skills. Junior-year PSAT scores are evaluated for National Merit Scholarship qualification, but sophomores can take the test for practice.
Visit their guidance counselor right after school starts. Review courses to make sure they are the most rigorous possible considering the students' level of academic preparation. Discuss the standardized tests that should be taken this year. According to the College Board, most juniors take the PSAT in the fall and the SAT or ACT in the spring. SAT subject tests, sometimes called SAT II, can be taken this year or next, but not every student takes them.
Keep investigating colleges and begin to prepare for scholarship opportunities. Often there are special qualifying exams or other requirements. Start to investigate possible majors and careers.
Study hard—make that, harder! Junior-year grades are the most important because college admissions officers typically review applications before senior-year grades are available. Students should be sure to put in extra effort this year, looking for AP, IB and Honors courses if available.
Attend college nights and college tours, where college representatives from around the country provide you with information and answers to your questions. Start visiting schools to sit in on classes, talk to students, visit residence halls and experience campus life in person.
Sign up for college mailing lists online.
Most important: Avoid "senioritis!" Colleges want to see strong second half grades. In fact, colleges can—and do—withdraw acceptances if final grades are unsatisfactory.
Register to take the SAT or ACT again, if desired, as well as SAT subject tests. Map out a final standardized test plan with the guidance counselor. Review scores from the PSAT or previous SAT tests to see where to improve. Ask for help if necessary. Use this SAT Preparation Booklet from the College Board.
Keep investigating possible majors and careers.
Apply for colleges. Start early in the fall and leave plenty of time to write essays, collect information, contact references, obtain transcripts and take all other required steps.
Apply for scholarships and financial aid, being sure to fill out your FAFSA as soon after Jan. 1 as possible.
Create a resume.
Apply for scholarships: scholarship resources include UNCF.org, GMSP.org and fastweb.com.
Know How to Go: www.knowhowtogo.com
Explore the site to learn more about the steps you need to take to be college-ready.
The Posse Foundation: www.possefoundation.org
Posse is one of the most comprehensive and renowned college access and youth leadership development programs in the United States.
College Goal Sunday: www.collegegoalsundayusa.org
Each year, more than $2 billion of financial aid goes unclaimed. To get this money for college, all students need to do is fill out one form: the FAFSA.
Today, HBCUs remain one of the surest ways for an African American, or student of any race, to receive a quality education.
Title III of the Higher Education Act of 1965, Congress officially defined an HBCU as an institution whose principal mission was and is the education of black Americans. All HBCUs play a critical role in the American Higher education system. For most of America's history, African Americans who received a college education could only get it from an HBCU. Today HBCUs remain one of the surest ways for an African American, or student of any race, to receive a quality education.
Outreach Toolkit: Write Winning Applications for Scholarships and Internships
Follow these tips and gain an edge on your applications. (Register to access)
While the application process may seem daunting at first, you’ll find that applying for scholarships and internships is much more manageable—and even enjoyable—when you understand the process and carefully plan for it. Follow these tips to make sure your applications stand out.
(Click the image to log in/register to read more)
Outreach: The Guide to UNCF Colleges and Universities
The eligibility criteria and dates for scholarships and programs vary, so students should use UNCF’s online portal to narrow down the programs that best suit them.
UNCF Empower Me Tour
UNCF engages communities through outreach to various schools and colleges. One of the largest outreach programs is the UNCF Empower Me Tour (EMT), which was created to empower a movement among young people, motivating them toward academic excellence, personal responsibility and fiscal health through relevant program content.
The free tour engages young people at crucial life stages through college readiness, career success and financial literacy messaging. The target audience is underserved students grades 9-12, college students, alumni, college administrators, parents, educators and the community at-large.
Keep these tips in mind as you create your plan for college.
1) Ensure you have taken all necessary courses to graduate on time.
2) Sign up to take college placement exams, if necessary.
3) Take ACT/SAT; seek waiver if eligible via your high school and/or through ACT or SAT websites.
4) Set up appointments with your guidance counselor to discuss college choices and potential majors.
5) Research colleges and majors. Set up tours and visits if you able to do so.
6) Complete the FAFSA (fafsa.ed.gov) as soon as possible. The form is posted annually starting Oct. 1. Many states and colleges have specific deadlines for applying for state and institutional aid. You can find your state’s deadline at fafsa.ed.gov/deadlines and check with your college about other deadlines.
7) Search for scholarships and financial aid.
8) Request high school transcripts to be sent to colleges.
9) Request letters of recommendation for scholarships and college applications that require them. Try to do this at least one month in advance.
10) Draft college essays. Have at least one person review the draft.
11) Complete and send off applications. Start early in the process and submit before the deadline. Apply by the fall of your senior year at the latest.
12) Avoid the summer melt. Stay on top of important information colleges may request, such as forms related to on-campus housing, immunizations, financial aid and new student orientations.
Getting into College: A Readiness Guide (2017)
UNCF’s college readiness brochure provides a comprehensive college readiness checklist, outlines the pivotal steps in preparing for college, and shares additional websites and resources that are useful to students as they prepare for their post-secondary journey.